As a volunteer, who worked in Kenya for UN’s MDG 2015 program, our one of the biggest challenge was Woman Empowerment.
We worked on that issue when we were in Kenya in 2009.
Now, after 4 years, I would like to share the WEF’s latest research and its report with how, in which you could find the process of last years.
What is Women Empowerment:
Women determine population trends by deciding how many children to have and when to have them. Currently, a majority of married women of reproductive age (55%) have the capacity to plan their pregnancies by using modern contraception.
Yet there are still 210 million women who would like to postpone their next pregnancy or stop childbearing altogether but are not using modern contraception. Most of these women either live in low-income countries or belong to the poorer segments of middle income or high-income countries and often live in rural areas where their access to services is
poor. Providing family planning is a cost-effective means of improving the lives of women and children, especially in poorer countries. Use of contraception to lengthen the interval between births is an effective strategy to reduce maternal mortality and increase child survival.
Having children too early in life, particularly before age 18, is detrimental to both mother and child, not only because of the higher risks associated with adolescent pregnancies but also because early childbearing usually deprives young women of the opportunity to pursue other activities, such as schooling or employment, which are strong determinants of their empowerment. Early childbearing is particularly common in Sub-Saharan Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean, and a few countries in Asia, and is often the result of early marriage. In some societies, early childbearing occurs before marriage largely because adolescents who are sexually active face considerable barriers in obtaining information, guidance, and services related to contraception. Reducing adolescent fertility is a target in the Millennium Development Goals that will likely not be met by 2015 in several regions.
Normally, girls have higher chances of surviving childhood than boys, yet excess female child mortality has historically been common in societies that value boys more than girls. These disparities have disappeared in most countries with development but they are still present in the population giants, China and India. In addition, the availability of methods to detect the sex of a child in utero has made sex selection possible for important
segments of the population of countries where son preference is widespread. As a result, particularly in low-fertility countries where son preference is strong, the ratio of male to female births has increased beyond the biological norm and is leading to major sex imbalances in the population.
This report of WEF aims to figure out the Global Agenda Council on Women Empowerment 2011 – 2012