The technology and societal transformations we are in the middle of (clouds, Internet of Things (IoT), open data, big data, 5G), together with important political initiatives, like the digital single market strategy, are creating entirely new opportunities for new value creation in the shape of new markets, new services and new products in a co-creative manner where the users/citizens, industry, public sector and academia all have their role in this seamless collaboration.
Open innovation, coined by Henry Chesbrough, is a phenomenon which was growing simultaneously with the living labs concept, and the European Network of Living Labs (ENoLL) was established in 2006 to be a new innovation policy instrument in Europe. These two phenomena interlink strongly in the OI2 where the ‘people’ component in the quadruple helix innovation approach is highlighted.
The Open Innovation 2.0 (OI2) paradigm was endorsed at the Open Innovation 2.0 conference in May 2O13 in Dublin.
In 2015 the message ‘Open science, open innovation, open to the world’ gained popularity in a speech given by Commissioner for Research, Science and Innovation Carlos Moedas. This new drive will also strongly reflect the European policies on innovation, both strategically and operationally, through e.g. the mid-term review of the Horizon 2020 programme. The commissioner has called for input to the European Innovation Council processes, contents and operations. In parallel, openness and co-creativity is also launched in the horizontal European actions proposed by the senior adviser for innovation in the European Political Strategy Centre (EPSC), Robert Madelin.
The yearbook of Open Innovation 2.0 for 2016 is below;